Glossary of Legal Terms
Lawyers who act for the federal, provincial and territorial governments and prosecute people accused of crimes on behalf of the Crown.
Proceedings outside the formal court process. Examples include police warnings, referrals to community programs and Crown cautions. Extrajudicial measures are seen as an effective response to less serious youth crime.
An offence is a crime that breaks a particular law and requires a particular punishment, as dictated by the Criminal Code or other acts.
Those 12 years old or older, but less than 18.
Youth Court judge
An appointed member of the judiciary who conducts youth court proceedings according to the rules set down by the Youth Criminal Justice Act.