Glossary of Legal Terms
The Drug Recognition Expert (DRE) is a 12-step procedure police use to evaluate those suspected of impairment. If the DRE determines that the person is impaired, the DRE will indicate what category or categories of drugs may have contributed to that impairment.
Being impaired means that the driver’s ability to operate a motor vehicle was altered due to alcohol or drug consumption. Having the prohibited level of alcohol, THC, or other impairing drugs in your blood within two hours of driving is an offence.
Indictable offences are the most serious offences under the Criminal Code and they come with more serious punishments, up to a maximum penalty of life in prison.
Summary convictions are used for lesser offences with penalties, fines and short jail time. They reflect the majority of offences as defined in the Code.