Terrorism is defined as any act that threatens Canada's political institutions, the stability of the economy, or the nation's overall welfare. These acts are often committed for political, religious, or ideological purposes with the goal of coercing a person, government, or organization to take a certain action or refrain from taking one under the threat of violence or death. Canada passed the Anti-terrorism Act (ATA) in December 2001 following the 9/11 attacks in the United States. The ATA amends existing laws such as the Criminal Code, Official Secrets Act, Canada Evidence Act, and Proceeds of Crime Act to deal with the threat of terrorism. Violations of the ATA can result in life imprisonment and include financing, participating, facilitating and leaving Canada for terrorist activities.