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First-Degree Murder Laws in Canada

Part VIII of the Criminal Code / Against the Person and Reputation 

First-Degree Murder: Intentional Killing with Premeditation

If you have been charged with a crime in Canada, you should consult with a criminal defence lawyer in your area

First-Degree Murder - Glossary of Terms

Glossary of Legal Terms


When a person causes the death of another or intentionally inflicts bodily harm they know is likely to cause death and they are not acting in the course of self-defence.

Indictable offence

Indictable offences are the most serious offences under the Criminal Code and they come with more serious punishments, up to a maximum penalty of life in prison.


Parole is a bridge between incarceration and return to the community. It is a conditional release, and contributes to the protection of society by allowing some offenders to continue to serve part of their sentence outside of the institution under the supervision of a parole officer and subject to conditions.

Reasonable doubt

The Supreme Court of Canada has said that reasonable doubt “falls much closer to absolute certainty than to proof on a balance of probabilities” and “that something less than absolute certainty is required, and that something more than probable guilt is required."


A person is not guilty of an offence if they reasonably believe on reasonable grounds that force was being used against them or another person. or that a threat of force was made. They can act in self defence to protect themselves or the other person, as long as their actions are reasonable in the circumstances.

First-Degree Murder - Tagged With:
Code Citations: Section 34 (1) , s.109 , s.231