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Child Abuse Laws in Canada

Part VIII of the Criminal Code / Against the Person and Reputation

Child Abuse: Neglect and Family Violence

If you have been charged with a crime in Canada, you should consult with a criminal defence lawyer in your area

Child Abuse - Glossary of Terms

Glossary of Legal Terms


Evidence, which can include testimony, documents, expert statements or photographs, can be introduced by either side to support that a position is either true or not true. Any evidence introduced must be relevant to the case at hand.

Power of attorney

A legal document giving one person, or more than one person, the authority to manage your money and property on your behalf. In most of Canada the person you appoint is called an “attorney.” That person does not need to be a lawyer.

Reasonable doubt

The Supreme Court of Canada has said that reasonable doubt “falls much closer to absolute certainty than to proof on a balance of probabilities” and “that something less than absolute certainty is required, and that something more than probable guilt is required."


Punishment that may be legal if it is “transitory and trifling” in nature. The Code stipulates that the force cannot exceed what is "reasonable under the circumstances."

Uttering threats

When someone says or conveys a threat to cause a person’s death, bodily harm or damage to property. It also includes threatening to kill, poison or injure an animal or bird that is the property of any person.